Ibn Rushd (Averroes) is regarded by many as the foremost Islamic philosopher. 

Abu'l-Walid Ibn Rushd, better known as Averroes (1126-1198), stands out as a towering figure in the history of Arab-Islamic thought, as well as that of West-European philosophy and theology. In the Islamic world, he played a decisive role in the defense of Greek philosophy against the onslaughts of the Ash'arite theologians (Mutakallimun), led by al-Ghazali (d. 1111), and the rehabilitation of Aristotle. 

A common theme throughout his writings is that there is no incompatibility between religion and philosophy when both are properly understood. His contributions to philosophy took many forms, ranging from his detailed commentaries on Aristotle, his defense of philosophy against the attacks of those who condemned it as contrary to Islam and his construction of a form of Aristotelianism which cleansed it, as far as was possible at the time, of Neoplatonic influences.

In the Western world, he was recognized, as early as the thirteenth century, as the Commentator of Aristotle, contributing thereby to the rediscovery of the Master, after centuries of near-total oblivion in Western Europe. That discovery was instrumental in launching Latin Scholasticism and, in due course, the European Renaissance of the fifteenth century. Notwithstanding, there has been very little attention to Averroes' work in English, although greater interest has been shown in French, since the publication of Ernest Renan's Averroes et l'averroisme in 1852.




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Works about him:

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  1. The Philosophy of Ibn Rushd. Jamal d. al-'Alawi. 
  2. Translation and Philosophy: The Case of Averroes' Commentaries. C. E. Butterworth. (PDF)
  3. Averroistic Trends in Jewish-Christian Polemics in the Late Middle Ages. D. J. Lasker (PDF)
  4. The Twice-Revealed Averroes. H. A. Wolfson. (PDF)
  5. Infinite and Privative Judgments in Aristotle, Averroes, and Kant. H. A. Wolfson (PDF)
  6. Revised Plan for the Publication of a Corpus Commentariorum Averrios in Aristotelem. H. A. Wolfson (PDF) Also Corrigendum.
  7. Averroes on the Metaphysics of Aristotle. I. Husik (PDF)
  8. Remarks on Averroes' Decisive Treatise. M. Madhi (PDF)
  9. Averroes' Doctrine of the Mind. S. C. Tornay (PDF)

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